The criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome include a large waistline (abdominal obesity), increased blood levels of the fat-type triglycerides, elevated fasting blood sugar (glucose), increased blood pressure (hypertension), and decreased levels of the “good” cholesterol HDL.
Metabolic syndrome is a multifactorial disease, which means that genetic predisposition, lifestyle, and environmental factors all interact and contribute to it. Several of the factors that contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome are modifiable, such as obesity, physical inactivity, and insulin resistance. These factors can be modified with lifestyle changes, including a healthy diet, physical activity, and weight reduction. The implementation of these health-promoting changes is particularly important due to the serious health risks associated with metabolic syndrome, especially heart disease and diabetes.